Setaria sphacelata (Schumach.) Moss

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Setaria sphacelata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Setaria sphacelata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Setaria sphacelata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Setaria sphacelata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Setaria sphacelata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Setaria sphacelata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Setaria sphacelata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Setaria sphacelata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Setaria anceps Stapf
Setaria angustifolia Stapf
Setaria aurea A. Braun
Setaria flabellata Stapf
Setaria homblei De Wild.
Setaria splendida Stapf
Setaria torta Stapf
Setaria trinervia Stapf
Common names: Golden bristle-grass (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Tufted perennial grass, up to 2 m, growing from a short rhizome. Nodes hairless. Inflorescence a dense spike-like panicle. Spikelets 1.5-3.5 mm long, pink to pale-purplish with golden bristles 1.5-12 mm long.
Notes: This is a very varied species, which, as the large number of synonyms shows, has often been divided into separate species. Some of these are still sometimes described as varieties or subspecies.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats but favouring damp situations.
Flowering time:Oct - May
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and South Africa.
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cnaphalocrocis trapezalis (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 4 October 2017
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 362.

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 33. As Setaria sphacelata sericea

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 98 - 100.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Pages 139 - 140. under various subtaxa

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 512. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 109.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 135.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 182 - 183. as var. sericea (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 152. as Setaria sphacelata var. sericea

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 192.

Van Oudtshoorn, F.P. (1992). Grasses of South Africa Briza Publications, South Africa Pages 89 - 91. as vars. sericea, sphacelata and torta (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Setaria sphacelata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Setaria sphacelata
Flora of Malawi: Setaria sphacelata
Flora of Mozambique: Setaria sphacelata
Flora of Zambia: Setaria sphacelata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Setaria sphacelata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Setaria sphacelata
African Plant Database: Setaria sphacelata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Setaria sphacelata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Setaria sphacelata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Setaria sphacelata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Setaria sphacelata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Setaria sphacelata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Setaria sphacelata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Setaria sphacelata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Setaria sphacelata
Ispot Southern Africa: Setaria sphacelata
JSTOR Plant Science: Setaria sphacelata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Setaria sphacelata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Setaria sphacelata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Setaria sphacelata
The Plant List (version 1.1): Setaria sphacelata
Tropicos: Setaria sphacelata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Caprivi: Species information: Setaria sphacelata.
http://www.capriviflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107280, retrieved 15 December 2017

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